A Guide to the Laser Cutting Process

Laser cutters can be used in a variety of applications, from industrial manufacturing to the engraving of glass. They’re an important part of the fabrication process, and they can be used to cut and engrave a variety of materials. Read on to learn how the laser cutting process works.

How Laser Cutting Works

Different kinds of lasers are used to cut various materials but the underlying principle is always the same. Energy is channeled into a highly-focused, high-density laser light beam, and everything in the beam’s path is melted, burned, or vaporized depending on the job being done. Laser cutters work with extreme precision, allowing the inexpensive manufacturing of the smallest objects, and they produce top-quality cut surfaces that rarely need further finishing. With these benefits, smaller businesses can stay competitive with their larger rivals.

Pulsed Wave and Continuous Lasers

Lasers are utilized in two different ways, either as a pulsed wave or a continuous one. Pulsed waves are commonly used in medical and manufacturing applications because they facilitate precision cutting without the overheating that comes with a continuous laser beam. Gantry machines move to focus the light beam on a certain area, and their slower speed makes them ideal for the creation of prototypes. Galvanometer machines can work at a pace of 50cm per second, which makes them perfect for full-speed manufacturing.

ND, ND-YAG, and CO2 Lasers

CO2 lasers are inexpensive in comparison to other types. They can generate a significant amount of power, and they’re commonly used to cut materials and weld parts together. Lower-powered CO2 machines are often used in engraving or to treat various skin conditions such as wrinkles and cancer. ND-YAG and ND (neodymium) lasers are used in high-energy applications such as the drilling of holes; both of these types can be used in welding applications.

Laser-Cut Products are Everywhere

It’s easy to name or see a laser-cut product, because they’re everywhere, from the back of an iPad to the top of the tallest buildings. Visit the experts at Boss Laser to see more fascinating uses for this important technology, or call today for additional details.